Do you want to visit the beautiful city of barcalona? If so you should know more.
Barcelona, the cosmopolitan capital of Spain’s Catalonia region, is known for its art and architecture. The fantastical Sagrada Família church and other modernist landmarks designed by Antoni Gaudí dot the city. Museu Picasso and Fundació Joan Miró feature modern art by their namesakes. City history museum MUHBA, includes several Roman archaeological sites. As far as cities go, Barcelona is the world’s most beautiful city. A city by the sea yet encircled by wooded mountains, with gorgeous architecture, beautiful churches, and a pedestrian thoroughfare that is one of the prettiest you will ever see (La Rambla). Gaudi’s the basilica La Sagrada Familia and Parc Guell. Barcalona was founded as a Roman city, in the Middle Ages. Barcelona became the capital of the County of Barcelona. After joining with the Kingdom of Aragon to form the confederation of the Crown of Aragon, Barcelona, which continued to be the capital of the Principality of Catalonia, became the most important city in the Crown of Aragon and the main economic and administrative centre of the Crown, only to be overtaken by Valencia, wrested from Arab domination by the Catalans, shortly before the dynastic union between the Crown of Castile and the Crown of Aragon in 1492. Barcelona has a rich cultural heritage and is today an important cultural centre and a major tourist destination.
Barcelona is a transport hub, with the Port of Barcelona being one of Europe’s principal seaports and busiest European passenger port, an international airport, Barcelona–El Prat Airport, which handles over 50 million passengers per year, an extensive motorway network, and a high-speed rail line with a link to France and the rest of Europe.
The History of Barcelona.
The origin of the earliest settlement at the site of present-day Barcelona is unclear. The ruins of an early settlement have been found, including different tombs and dwellings dating to earlier than 5000 BC. The founding of Barcelona is the subject of two different legends. The first attributes the founding of the city to the mythological Hercules. The second legend attributes the foundation of the city directly to the historical Carthaginian general, Hamilcar Barca, father of Hannibal, who supposedly named the city Barcino after his family in the 3rd century BC, but there is no historical or linguistic evidence that this is true.
The development of Barcelona was promoted by two events in 1986: Spanish accession to the European Community, and particularly Barcelona’s designation as host city of the 1992 Summer Olympics. The process of urban regeneration has been rapid, and accompanied by a greatly increased international reputation of the city as a tourist destination. The increased cost of housing has led to a slight decline (−16.6%) in the population over the last two decades of the 20th century as many families move out into the suburbs. This decline has been reversed since 2001, as a new wave of immigration (particularly from Latin America and from Morocco) has gathered pace.
The geography of barcelona.
Barcelona is located on the northeast coast of the Iberian Peninsula, facing the Mediterranean Sea, on a plain approximately 5 km (3 mi) wide limited by the mountain range of Collserola, the Llobregat river to the southwest and the Besòs river to the north. This plain covers an area of 170 km2 (66 sq mi), of which 101 km2 (39.0 sq mi) are occupied by the city itself. It is 120 kilometres (75 miles) south of the Pyrenees and the Catalan border with France. The city borders on the municipalities of Santa Coloma de Gramenet and Sant Adrià de Besòs to the north; the Mediterranean Sea to the east; El Prat de Llobregat and L’Hospitalet de Llobregat to the south; and Sant Feliu de Llobregat, Sant Just Desvern, Esplugues de Llobregat, Sant Cugat del Vallès, and Montcada i Reixac to the west. The municipality includes two small sparsely-inhabited exclaves to the north-west.
Places you can go to see in Barcelona.
Park Guell is the famous park with mosaic benches and the salamander. This Park Guell is a sightseeing must-see when visiting Barcelona. Parc Güell is a privatized park system composed of gardens and architectural elements located on Carmel Hill, in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Carmel Hill belongs to the mountain range of Collserola – the Parc del Carmel is located on the northern face.
The Sagrada Familia; the holy cathedral designed by Antoni Gaudí. The unfinished church will probably be completed in 2026 and has to be part of your city break. Construction of this holy church started on 19 March 1882. Initially it was based on the plans by architect Francisco de Paula del Villar, but in 1883, architect Antoni Gaudí was given the task to continue construction of the Sagrada Família. After Gaudi received an anonymous donation, he decided to replace the original Gothic Revival design with a more modern and innovative temple design. The only time construction was halted for a few years was during the Spanish Civil War. Until his death in 1926, Gaudi worked on the temple, and several architects have succeeded him since.
Parc de Montjuïc & Magic Fountain:
The Montjuïc is the most famous mountain of the city with dozens of sights, including Palau Nacional, Foundation Joan Miró, Poble Espanyol, the Olympic Stadium, the cable car, and the magical fountain “Font Magica” with its fountain show of water and light. The green Montjuïc (213 metres) is the most famous hill in Barcelona. Because of the 1929 World Fair in Barcelona, palaces, pavilions, parks, botanical gardens, sports stadiums, and exhibition rooms were built on the hill. Some of those buildings still remain today and serve as museums. The Olympic sports stadiums were renovated and others were added for the 1992 Summer Olympics. If you get off at the metro stop Plaza Espana, the walk starts at Plaça d’Espanya, forming an entrance to the Montjuïc with two Venetian towers and a fountain. The fountain on the Montjuïc is colourfully lit in the evening with the magical fountain show. From the Font Magica you will have a view of the Avinguda Reina Maria Cristina and the escalators up the hill, with the Palau Nacional, at the top, where the Museu d’Art de Catalunya (MNAC), (Museum with Gothic and Medieval art) is located. The original Olympic stadium already existed in 1929, but was renovated for the 1992 Summer Games and adjusted to accommodate 70,000 spectators. The facade is beautiful and does not really look like it harbours a stadium at all.
Where you should visit in Barcelona:
- Las Ramblas,
- C.de pelai, Barcelona,
- Magic Fountine,
- Pl. de Carles Buïgas, 1, 08038 Barcelona
- Parc del Mirador del Poble Sec,
- Passeig de Montjuïc, 28, 08005 Barcelona
- Park Güell
- 08024 Barcelona
- Sagrada Familia
- C/ de Mallorca, 401, 08013 Barcelona
- Casa Battló
- Pg. de Gràcia, 43, 08007 Barcelona
- Port Vell, port of Barcelona
- Moll de Bosch i Alsina, 1, 08039 Barcelona